on wood is
a Russian folk art craft.
It appeared in the XVII century
in Koverninsky region near the
city of Nijni Novgorod. The
name comes from the name of
the village Hohloma.
In the XVIII through early XX
centuries this village was a
trade centre of articles painted
in the style of Hohloma.
Hohloma painting was
characterized by an original
technique of painting of wood in
golden colours without use of
gold. Wooden articles, mainly
kitchen utensils, were primed by
clay, then by a linseed oil and a
tin powder. Then a foliage
ornament was painted in a free
manner. After that the articles
were covered with lacquer
made of linseed oil and then
tempered in a stove at high
temperature. The combination of
red or black and golden colours
is typical for Hohloma painting.